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Foal Vaccination Chart

16 August 2011 No Comment

Foal Vaccination Chart
By: Cheryl McNamee-Sutor

Botulism

About: Organism: Clostridium botulinum. Organism is ingested or absorbed through wounds causing neurologic disease.
Dosage: 3-dose series at 30-day intervals. Annually thereafter.
Comments: Mares in areas of high risk (mostly Kentucky and Ohio) should be vaccinated 1 month prior to foaling to prevent shaker foal syndrome, a neurologic disease in newborn foals.

Encephalomyelitis (EEE,WEE,VEE)

About: Insect-bourne neurologic disease that is fatal.
Dosage: First Dose: 3-4 months of age. Second Dose: 4-5 months of age. Annually thereafter.
Comments: Mandatory vaccination. Booster every 6 months in risky areas. Should be administered in spring just before insects appear. Humans can become infected if not vaccinated.

Tetanus (lockjaw)

About: Organism: Clostridium tetani. Organism enters wounds and releases toxins resulting in neurologic disease. Can be fatal.
Dosage: First Dose: 3-4 months of age. Second Dose: 4-5 months of age. Annually thereafter.
Comments: Re-vaccinate if wounded 6 months or more after most recent booster. Tetanus organism is present in every region.

Influenza

About: Respiratory infection. Signs: fever, depression, nasal discharge, cough.
Dosage: First Dose: 6 months of age. Second Dose: 7 months of age. Third Dose: 8 months of age. Every 3 months thereafter.
Comments: Producing & maintaining an effective vaccine is difficult, since there are many strains of the virus.

Strangles

About: Organism: Streptocuccus equi. Respiratory infection. Signs: fever, nasal discharge, abscessed lymph nodes under lower jaw.
Dosage: First Dose: 3 months of age. Second Dose: 4 months of age. Third Dose: 5 months of age. Annually thereafter.
Comments: Highly contagious

Potomac Horse Fever

About: Orgamism: Ehrlichia risticii. Severe diarrhea with high rate of fatality.
Dosage: First Dose: 3 months of age. Second Dose: 4 months of age. Annually thereafter.
Comments: Only in eastern half of US. Vaccinate every 4 months in high risk areas. Annually where risk is low. Vaccine is incomplete and short-lived, but vaccinated animals have a lower mortality rate and less severe signs with the disease.

Rabies

About: Neurologic disease. 100% fatal.
Dosage: First Dose: 3-4 months of age. Second Dose: 4-5 months of age. Annually thereafter.

Rhinopneumonitis

About: Equine Herpes Virus. Two strains: EHV-1 and EHV-4.
Dosage: First Dose: 6 months of age. Second Dose: 7 months of age. Third Dose: 8 months of age. Every 3 months thereafter.
Comments: EHV-4 causes respiratory disease. EHV-1 causes abortion in pregnant mares, neurologic disease in mature horses, and respiratory disease. This virus is very widespread.

About the author:

Cheryl’s goal is to educate horse owners on how to develop a trusting and respectful partnership with their horses. The training methods she uses and teaches are ones that promote a horse’s confidence and willingness to please.

As the President of Equusite.com (The Ultimate Horse Resource), Cheryl teaches her methods of horsemanship online in a simple step-by-step fashion to ensure that horsemen and women of all ages and disciplines are able to understand and use her methods easily.

For more information, see Cheryl’ bio page or contact her:

Cheryl McNamee-Sutor
President, Equusite.com
cheryl@equusite.com
(630) 267-9397

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